Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sarajevo is a slavicized word based on “saray”, the Turkish word for palace. In 1885, Sarajevo was the first city in Europe and the second city in the world to have a full-time electric tram network running through the city, following San Francisco. In 1914, it was the site of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria that sparked World War I. In 1984 it hosted Winter Olympics. Sarajevo is the only major European city to have a mosque, Catholic church, Orthodox church and synagogue within the same neighborhood.